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HomeCountriesEast Africa › Kenya

Kenya Country AET Profile

About Kenya

Primary education is free and compulsory for eight years. Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 stand at 17.5% (males, 11.0%; females, 24.0%). As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 6.6% of GDP.

There are four main universities in Kenya. Kenyatta University was founded in 1972 and is located in Nairobi. The University of Nairobi was founded in 1956 as the Royal Technical College of East Africa. The Moi University was founded in 1984 at Eldoret. The Egerton University, located at Njoro, was founded in 1939. The language of instruction in all the universities is English. There were 4,392 teaching staff and 35,421 students at universities and equivalent institutions in 1991.

Agriculture remains the most important economic activity in Kenya, although less than 8% of the land is used for crop and feed production. Less than 20% of the land is suitable for cultivation, of which only 12% is classified as high potential (adequate rainfall) agricultural land and about 8% is medium potential land. The rest of the land is arid or semiarid. About 80% of the work force engages in agriculture or food processing. Farming in Kenya is typically carried out by small producers who usually cultivate no more than two hectares (about five acres) using limited technology. These small farms, operated by about three million farming families, account for 75% of total production. Although there are still important European-owned coffee, tea, and sisal plantations, an increasing number of peasant farmers grow cash crops.

Institutions in Kenya

Reports on Kenya
Kenya - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing



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