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HomeCountriesNorth Africa › Tunisia

Tunisia Country AET Profile

About Tunisia

On becoming independent in 1956, Tunisia inherited a small but efficient educational system based on French and, to a lesser extent, Islamic influence. In 1958, the government nationalized most of the existing facilities; remaining private institutions were subject to government regulation. In the same year the government began a comprehensive plan for educational development to achieve universal, free, compulsory primary education and a significant expansion of the secondary school system. The University of Tunis was founded on March 31, 1960. All higher-level institutions in 1996/1997 had 121,787 students and 6,641 instructors. Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 stand at 20.2% (males, 18.6%; females, 39.9%). As of 1999, public expenditure on education was estimated at 7.6% of GDP.

In 1999, about 25% of the labor force engaged in agriculture, which accounted for 12% of GDP. Fertile land is generally limited to the north, where cereals, olives, fruits, grapes, and vegetables are produced. In the southern desert and plateau, desert farming is precarious, but barley is produced in quantity. About 4,900,000 hectares (12,108,000 acres) are arable. Cereals account for 1,347,000 ha (3,328,000 acres), while tree crops utilized 2,000,000 ha (4,492,000 acres).

Institutions in Tunisia

Reports on Tunisia
Tunisia - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing



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