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HomeCountriesEast Africa › Rwanda

Rwanda Country AET Profile

About Rwanda

There were no public schools in Rwanda until the 1950s. With independence, Rwanda began a major expansion of its educational programs; in 1989, education accounted for 25.4% of total government expenditure. However, the Catholic Church continues to play the leading role in education. In the year 2000, projected adult illiteracy rates stand at 33.0% (males, 26.3%; females, 39.4%).

The National University of Rwanda at Butare was founded in 1963 by the government and a Canadian Roman Catholic order. Other known institutions are the African and Mauritian Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics in Kigali. In 1989, all higher-level institutions had 3,389 pupils and 646 teaching staff. The civil war of the mid-1990s disrupted the educational system, and more recent data is unavailable.

In 1999, about 91% of Rwanda's economically active population earned their living, directly or indirectly, from agriculture. Except for heavily eroded regions, the soil has a good humus content and is fertile, especially in the alluvial valleys and in the volcanic soils of the northwest. About 1.1 million hectares (2.8 million acres) are under cultivation. Subsistence agriculture predominates, and the basic agricultural unit is the small family farm of about one hectare (2.5 acres).

Institutions in Rwanda

Reports on Rwanda
Rwanda - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing



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