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HomeCountriesSouthern Africa › South Africa

South Africa Country AET Profile

About South Africa

Adult literacy was close to 100% for whites and about 50% for blacks in the mid-1980s.

South Africa has 21 universities and 15 technikons that provide tertiary level vocational training. In 1994, a total of 617,897 students were enrolled in institutions of higher education, with 27,099 teachers.

Over 80% of the total land area is available for farming, but only 13% is cultivated. Many areas suffer from erratic rainfall and soil erosion; cultivated land is not expected to exceed 15% in the future because of these adversities. Only 8.6% of cultivated land was irrigated in 1998. The worst drought of this century in southern Africa resulted in near to total crop failure in 1991–92. Many farmers subsequently abandoned the countryside for urban areas. After many years of dry weather, South Africa had abundant rainfall in the 1995/96 growing season. Except for rice, tea, coffee, and cocoa, the country is typically self-sufficient in essential food production. The average annual growth rate of agricultural output was 0.6% during 1990–2000. Agriculture contributed an estimated 3% to GDP in 2001.

Institutions in South Africa

Reports on South Africa
South Africa - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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