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HomeCountriesSouthern Africa › Madagascar

Madagascar Country AET Profile

About Madagascar

Although education is free and compulsory between the ages of 6 and 13, there is still a considerable degree of illiteracy. In 2000, illiteracy was estimated at 33% total (males, 26%; females, 40%).

The University of Madagascar in Antananarivo, established in 1961, also has campuses at Antsiranana, Fianarantsoa, Mahajanga, Toamasina, and Toliara. Also in Antananarivo are the Rural College of Ambatobe and the National Institute of Telecommunications and Posts.

Although Madagascar's economy is essentially agricultural, much of the land is unsuitable for cultivation because of its mountainous terrain, extensive laterization, and inadequate or irregular rainfall. Only about 5% of the land area is cultivated at any one time. Despite these figures, agriculture accounts for 30% of GDP and employs about 75% of the work force. Large-scale plantations dominate the production of sisal, sugarcane, tobacco, bananas, and cotton, but, overall, Malagasy agriculture is dependent mainly on small-scale subsistence farmers cultivating less thanoneha (2.47 acres) of land.

Institutions in Madagascar

Reports on Madagascar
Madagascar - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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