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HomeCountriesSouthern Africa › Lesotho

Lesotho Country AET Profile

About Lesotho

Education is compulsory between the ages of 6 and 13.

The languages of instruction are Sesotho and English. From the fifth year of primary school onwards, all instruction is conducted in English. Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 stand at 16.1% (males, 26.4%, females, 6.4%).

The University of Lesotho, Botswana, and Swaziland (formerly known as Pius XII College), founded in 1964 at Roma, was unilaterally dissolved in October 1975 by Prime Minister Leabua Jonathan, who then renamed it the National University of Lesotho. Lesotho Agricultural College, at Maseru, was founded in 1955. In 1997, all higher level institutions had 4,614 pupils and 574 teaching staff.

In 2001, 16% of GDP came from agriculture. Crop production in Lesotho is a high-risk, low-yield activity due to poor soil quality and a harsh climate. All land is held in trust for the Basotho nation by the king and may not be alienated. The local chiefs allocate farmland to individuals, and user rights are generally available to married males; nevertheless, one out of seven households is landless. A 1979 act increases security of tenure by recording rights of inheritance and allowing mortgaging and subletting of land. The average landholding per family head is 1.9 ha (4.7 acres).

Institutions in Lesotho

Reports on Lesotho
Lesotho - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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