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HomeCountriesWest Africa › Guinea

Guinea Country AET Profile

About Guinea

Before Guinea became independent, its educational system was patterned on that of France. All schools were nationalized in 1961. French remains the language of instruction, ostensibly as an interim measure. Education is free and compulsory between the ages of 7 and 13. Children go through six years of primary and seven years of secondary school. In practice, however, few children complete their schooling. Projected adult illiteracy rates for the year 2000 stand at 58.9% (males 44.9%; females, 73.0%).

The Gamal Abdel Nasser Polytechnic Institute was established at Conakry in 1963. The Valéry Giscard d'Estaing Institute of Agro-Zootechnical Sciences was founded in 1978 at Faranah. The University of Conakry was founded in 1984. In 1997, 8,151 students and 947 teachers were engaged in post-secondary education.

Only 2.6% of Guinea's arable land area is cultivated. Agriculture accounts for 24% of GDP and engages 84% of the active population. The agricultural sector of the economy has stagnated since independence. The precipitate withdrawal of the French planters and removal of French tariff preference hurt Guinean agriculture, and drought conditions during the 1970s also hindered production. Since 1985, however, the free market policies of the Second Republic have encouraged growth in agricultural production, with slow but steady increases in output. Guinea is a net food importer, however, importing some 30% of its food needs.

Institutions in Guinea

Reports on Guinea
Guinea - Current Student Enrolment and Academic Staffing

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